2022-10-13 Saving for whose pocket? Divergence between employee wages and corporate cash holdings
＊講 題：Saving for whose pocket? Divergence between employee wages and corporate cash holdings
＊時 間：2022年10月13日(四) 12:30-14:30
We use novel data for Taiwan to examine the relationship between wage inequality and corporate cash holdings. The two main forces behind wage expenses, manager and employee wages, play different roles in this relationship. We find that employee wages positively affect cash holdings, and their effect mainly results from the precautionary motive. Manager wages have a relatively weak effect on cash holdings, but their effect is only visible when the agency motive is high. We identify these motives through the heterogeneity of employee turnover rate, female-worker coverage ratio, and financial constraints. An important revision in the Labor Standards Act helps address endogeneity. We also find that firms are likely to save cash from internal cash flows when employee wages increase, while firms with higher manager wages prefer debt financing. By decomposing wage expenses, we show that firms are more likely to save cash for employees from managers' pockets.